The Oklahoma legislature passed the most restrictive abortion bill in the United States on Thursday.
The bill, HB 4327, will ban nearly all abortions other than in cases of rape, incest, or saving the life of the mother once it is signed by Governor Kevin Stitt.
Gov. Stitt has previously vowed to sign any pro-life legislation that hits his desk, so he is expected to approve it.
Removing a miscarried fetus or ectopic pregnancy will not be considered “abortion.”
Similar to the Texas Heartbeat Act, the bill will allow individuals to file civil lawsuits against anyone who performs or aids and abets an abortion.
The legislation says that the plaintiff must be awarded “injunctive relief sufficient to prevent the defendant from violating this act or engaging in acts that aid or abet violations of this act” and “statutory damages in an amount of not less than Ten Thousand Dollars ($10,000.00) for each abortion that the defendant performed or induced in violation of this act, and for each abortion performed or induced in violation of this act that the defendant aided or abetted.” The guilty party will also be responsible for the plaintiff’s attorney fees and potentially compensation for any “emotional distress” that they were subjected to.
The law will not prohibit Plan B, morning-after pills, or any other type of contraception or emergency contraception.
The White House issued a statement condemning the state bill and “ultra MAGA officials.”
“Today’s action by the Oklahoma legislature is the most extreme effort to undo these fundamental rights we have seen to date. In addition, it adopts Texas’ absurd plan to allow private citizens to sue their neighbors for providing reproductive health care and helping women to exercise their constitutional rights,” the White House said.
The statement continued, “this is part of a growing effort by ultra MAGA officials across the country to roll back the freedoms we should not take for granted in this country. They are starting with reproductive rights, but the American people need to know that other fundamental rights, including the right to contraception and marriage equality, are at risk.”
Vice President Kamala Harris also weighed in on the legislation, tweeting “today, Oklahoma passed a law effectively banning abortion from the moment of fertilization—the latest in a series of blatant attacks on women by extremist legislators. It has never been more urgent that we elect pro-choice leaders at the local, state, and federal level.”
Today, Oklahoma passed a law effectively banning abortion from the moment of fertilization—the latest in a series of blatant attacks on women by extremist legislators. It has never been more urgent that we elect pro-choice leaders at the local, state, and federal level.
— Vice President Kamala Harris (@VP) May 19, 2022
The restrictions in Texas have caused an uptick in abortions in Oklahoma, as women have been travelling to nearby states for the procedure.
“We are more concerned at this point about these Texas-style bans because they have, at least recently, been able to continue and remain in effect,” Emily Wales, interim president and CEO at Planned Parenthood Great Plains, told the Associated Press. “We do intend to challenge those if they’re passed, but because of the emergency clause provisions, there would be at least some period of time when we could not offer care.”
“We’re serving as many Texans as Oklahomans right now, in some cases more Texans than Oklahomans,” Wales said.
The Associated Press reports, “before the Texas ban took effect last year, about 40 women from Texas had abortions performed in Oklahoma each month, according to data from the Oklahoma State Department of Health. That number jumped to 222 Texas women in September and 243 in October.”
“We’re going to stand for LIFE in the state of Oklahoma.”@GovStitt joins @ShannonBream to discuss Oklahoma’s latest efforts to protect both babies and moms from abortion:#ModernizeOurLaw pic.twitter.com/eNehuOFbgf
— Susan B. Anthony List #ModernizeOurLaw (@SBAList) May 16, 2022
Gov. Stitt signed a bill earlier this month that makes performing an abortion a felony punishable by up to ten years in prison, but it will not go into effect until later this summer. It makes an exception to allow the procedure only in cases to save the life of the mother.
“We want to outlaw abortion in the state of Oklahoma,” Stitt said during a signing ceremony for the bill. “I promised Oklahomans that I would sign every pro-life bill that hits my desk, and that’s what we’re doing here today.”