The United States Supreme Court ruled against a law that limits the use of election funding to repay candidates who give their campaigns loans using their personal money.
Texas Senator Ted Cruz challenged Section 304 of the Bipartisan Campaign Reform Act that prohibits candidates from using more than $250,000 of post-election funds to repay a candidate’s loan 20 days after the election.
The Biden administration defended the regulation, arguing in court that it prevents the appearance of political corruption within the government. The case is Federal Election Commission v. Ted Cruz for Senate.
“The government has said that in the five election cycles before 2020, candidates for Senate made 588 loans to their campaigns, about 80% of them under $250,000,” reports AP News. “Candidates for the House of Representatives made 3,444 loans, nearly 90 percent under $250,000.”
In a 6-3 vote released on May 16, the justices found that the regulation “burdens core political speech without proper justification.”
“By inhibiting a candidate from using this critical source of campaign funding, Section 304 raises a barrier to entry — thus abridging political speech,” wrote Chief Justice John Roberts, who authored the majority opinion.
Roberts also wrote that the government failed to prove the loan repayment limit “furthers a permissible anticorruption goal, rather than the impermissible objective of simply limiting the amount of money in politics.”
Justices Clarence Thomas, Samuel Alito, Neil Gorsuch, Brett Kavanaugh and Amy Coney Barrett joined Roberts in his opinion.
In 2018, Cruz loaned his campaign $260,000 – $10,000 of which remained unpaid after the 20-day period after the senator’s victory over Beto O’Rourke.
According to CNBC, Cruz “had purposefully gone above the quarter-million-dollar limit to prompt a legal challenge against the regulation, argu[ing] that the 20-year-old rule violated his free speech rights.”
A lower court in Washington D.C. previously sided with Cruz and found the regulation was unconstitutional.
Political donors are already subject to a $2,900 per-election cap on campaign contributions.
Justice Elizabeth Kagan wrote the dissent, arguing that ending the regulation “greenlights all the sordid bargains Congress thought right to stop.”
“Repaying a candidate’s loan after he has won election cannot serve the usual purposes of a contribution: The money comes too late to aid in any of his campaign activities,” Kagan wrote. “All the money does is enrich the candidate personally at a time when he can return the favor—by a vote, a contract, an appointment.”
Justices Sonia Sotomayor and Stephen Breyer joined the dissent.
Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell supported Cruz’s challenge to the campaign finance regulation. McConnell said in a brief to the court that the loan repayment limit gives an advantage to incumbents who may otherwise be challenged by self-funded candidates.